Art and Culture:
Himroo is a distinctive weaving technique known for its magnificence.
The fabric used is a combination of cotton and silk and shines with the luster
of satin. This art form is believed to have originated in Persia. The weaves
include plain lines woven in various geometrical designs with motifs drawn from
nature, religious verses, and portraits of rulers. The weaves also feature
patterns of local fruits, flowers, birds, and animals. The Himroo shawls have an
extra layer of loose silk weft and that is why they are so soft and feel like
Himroo found its way to Aurangabad during the reign of Mohammad Tughlaq,
when he shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad and resettled the weavers
from Gujarat, Banaras, and Ahmedabad to his new capital.
Some popular items that one can pick in
Aurangabad is shawls, pillowcases, jackets, bedsheets, coats, and curtains.
Himroo sherwanis (long coats) were also quite popular with men once. In fact,
during the Nizam's rule, they became so popular that they were considered a
traditional attire of a wedding
Before the Mongol invaders came to
India, Kagzipura in Khuldabad in Aurangabad district is believed to be the only
place in India where the handmade paper was produced. It was on the paper produced
here that the Quran was printed. The unique art of paper-making is about 700
years old, dating back to the times of Muhammad Tughalaq, the Sultan of Delhi.
Bidriware is the pride of Bidar, near Aurangabad, and is an indigenous
handicraft tradition that garners a lot of admiration and appreciation.
Practiced on zinc and copper, and inlaid with pure silver or thin sheets, it is
a delicate art and remarkably intricate. Bidri items can be found in most arts
and crafts shops of Hyderabad and regular tours are organized by local heritage
tour companies to Bidar, where visitors can watch the artisans at work.
The process of making these beautiful articles is a complicated one and
the elementary material used in an alloy of zinc and copper in the ratio 16:1.
Then, artistic patterns are etched on this alloy. The process involves eight
stages. First, molding is done, which is followed by smoothing with a file. Chiseling
and engraving are done thereafter. The most amazing step is the inlaying of
silver, which is followed by smoothing, buffing, and then oxidizing the product
by ammonium chloride and soil. The chemicals in this soil are believed to give
a lustrous black colour to the products. The main articles that you can buy
here include vases, goblets, candle holders, jewelry boxes, wine decanters, and hookahs.